Forex Glossary


Take Profit Order – An exit trade order, which automatically closes an open position at a specific price, specified in advanced by the trader. When the price reaches this rate the trade closes at a predefined profit. Stop Loss Order – An exit trade order, which automatically closes an open position at a specific price, specified in advanced by the trader. A Stop Loss limits potential losses should the market go against you.

moving average

A price charting method that originated in Japan in the 18th century. Merchants devised a system to predict future prices based on traders’ emotions. It makes use of all available prices; open, high, low and close. It consists of a rectangle which is white if the close is higher than the open, or black if the open is higher than the close price. A vertical line runs through the body representing the high at the top and the low price at the bottom.


When we buy the EUR/USD pair, we’re actually buying the euro and selling the US dollar. Similarly, when we sell the EUR/USD pair, we’re actually selling the euro and buying the US dollar. The costs, incurred by a trader when buying or selling currencies or commodities, which include the commission fee of a broker. Support is one of the key concepts of technical analysis. Support is defined as a price level at which the activity of asset buyers is quite significant to prevent the further sale and decrease in its price.

Exchange Execution

GMT Greenwich Mean Time – The most commonly referred time zone in the forex market. GMT does not change during the year, as opposed to daylight savings/summer time. Going long The purchase of a stock, commodity or currency for investment or speculation – with the expectation of the price increasing. Going short The selling of a currency or product not owned by the seller – with the expectation of the price decreasing. Gold (gold’s relationship) It is commonly accepted that gold moves in the opposite direction of the US dollar.

We also reference original research from other reputable publishers where appropriate. You can learn more about the standards we follow in producing accurate, unbiased content in oureditorial policy. There are a number of terms that are used by Forex traders. The forex was once the exclusive province of banks and other financial institutions. Spot transactions for most currencies are finalized in two business days. The major exception is the U.S. dollar versus the Canadian dollar, which settles on the next business day.

  • Swaps – Swap is a fee that is charged by a broker from the client on the overnight positions.
  • The spread represents the difference between the ask and bid price of any currency pair.
  • For example, a hawkish statement implies that drastic measures may be taken to raise interest rates.
  • It is a state of the market where supply and demand are in equilibrium.

As a rule, hedging involves the sale or purchase at the forward or the opening of a position on a similar asset. Hedging becomes more popular with the increase of market uncertainty. The head and shoulders graphical price pattern indicates the end of an existing trend and the further change in the direction of the price movement. This indicator was developed as a tool to identify emerging buying and selling opportunities. It demonstrates the phases of the growing probability of price changes which usually correspond to the highs and lows of a price. A company or an individual which acts as an intermediary in giving access to markets and organizing trading financial instruments for its clients.

#11 Support

The cost of a “basket” of products and services. A temporary interruption of the prevailing trend in the opposite direction. A US Monthly report that measures the change in the overall value of initial orders for manufactured goods except transportation items. A US report that indicates the number of individuals on unemployment benefits.


Unlike other pivot point methods, Woodie’s use the current period’s open price when calculating the main pivot point. Just like the other methods, the daily timeframe is the preferred timeframe for calculations. The main pivot point represents the deciding factor of the market’s sentiment and its future direction. A monthly report that measures the total expenditure by individuals.

We recommend that you seek independent advice and ensure you fully understand the risks involved before trading. In trading, volume is the amount of a particular asset that is being traded over a certain period of time. It is often presented alongside price information, as it offers an extra dimension when examining an asset’s price history. Quantitative easing is an economic monetary policy intended to lower interest rates and increase money supply. It saw an increase in profile and use after the 2008 financial crash and subsequent recession.

BIS has a minimum requirement of 4 percent on risk-weighted assets. A model of exchange rate determination stating that the exchange rate is simply the price of the foreign exchange which maintains the BOP in equilibrium. The degree to which the exchange rate responds to a change in price.

What is a Chartist?

According to the latest triennial survey conducted by the for International Settlements , trading in foreign exchange markets averaged $6.6 trillion per day in 2019. The spot market is the most straightforward of the Forex markets. A transaction in the spot market is an agreement to trade one currency for another currency at the prevailing spot rate.

  • The forex was once the exclusive province of banks and other financial institutions.
  • Breakouts lead to serious currency movements and increasing volatility in the markets.
  • Risk of appropriation of assets held in a foreign country.
  • A technical analysis oscillator developed by Alexander Elder.

The rectangle graphical pattern serves to confirm the direction of the existing trend. The bearish rectangle is formed in a downtrend and indicates high probability for the further decrease in the asset price. Basis is the difference in price between the futures price and the price of the underlying asset. By the time the contract expires, the basis will be zero, as futures and spot prices will be equal.

He supported that a 40-month cycle was present in the stock markets. Number of job openings that need to be filled within 30 days. These include full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term and seasonal openings. In Time Cycles analysis, Intermediate Cycles last from several weeks to several months. Identification of Intermediate Cycles may be performed by measuring the time interval between the cycle’s troughs on the X-axis of the price chart.

It will depend on your ability to predict the price and market movement. So, you need to decide whether you are “a bull” or “a bear”. Exit – the process of closing the position no matter if a trader made a profit or loss. Hello, I am very much a beginner in the world of finance and would like to know how I can start trading with forex.

Monetary policy to stimulate economic growth and lift the economy out of stagnation. Central Banks increase money supply in the market by “printing money”, lowering interest rates and making money available to consumers to spend and businesses to invest. Demand is represented as a column of X’s and supply as a column of O’s. Each box (i.e. X or O) represents a predefined price movement called the box size. Price movement less than the box size is ignored, thus noise is not recorded. A reversal, i.e. a column of X’s, is created after a column of O’s, when there is a price movement to the upside equal to the number of boxes – known as the reversal size.

Policies include cuts in public spending and high interest rates. Reserves required to be deposited at central banks by commercial banks and other financial institutions. The price half-way between the two prices, or the average of both buying and selling prices offered by the market makers. When the monetary authorities intervene regularly in the market to stabilise the rates or to aim the exchange rate in a required direction. International Monetary Fund, established in 1946 to provide international liquidity on a short and medium term and encourage liberalization of exchange rates.

RBA Reserve Bank of Australia, the central bank of Australia. RBNZ Reserve Bank of New Zealand, the central bank of New Zealand. Real money Traders of significant size including pension funds, asset managers, insurance companies, etc. They are viewed as indicators of major long-term market interest, as opposed to shorter-term, intra-day speculators. Realized profit/loss The amount of money you have made or lost when a position has been closed.

The bid price is the price at which buyers are willing to buy, while the ask price is the price at which sellers are willing to sell. Technical indicators are the inseparable part of technical analysis. Their aim is to predict the direction of the market to help a trader. There is a great number of indicators used by traders for determining the market movement. Some traders prefer to use those indicators which have proved to be efficient in trading in the past, while others try using new indicators.

Forex Today: EUR/USD Breaks $1.09 –

Forex Today: EUR/USD Breaks $1.09.

Posted: Mon, 23 Jan 2023 08:00:00 GMT [source]

Can be implied from futures pricing, see implied volatility. The only exception to this general rule is the spot day in the quoting centre coinciding with a banking holiday in the country/countries of the foreign currency/currencies. The enquirer is the party who must make sure that his spot day coincides with the one applied by the respondent. The forward months maturity must fall on the corresponding date in the relevant calendar month.

Weekly Forex Forecast –Gold, EUR/USD, USD/JPY –

Weekly Forex Forecast –Gold, EUR/USD, USD/JPY.

Posted: Sun, 08 Jan 2023 08:00:00 GMT [source]

The most commonly used trading terms, acronyms, and abbreviations are presented here explaining the core ideas and methods used by traders every day. If you come across any unknown Forex term – our Forex glossary is at your service! The forex market is open 24 hours a day, five days a week, in major financial centers across the globe. This means that you can buy or sell currencies at virtually any hour. Some of these trades occur because financial institutions, companies, or individuals have a business need to exchange one currency for another.

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