Immigration minister Alex Hawke announced the decision in a statement on Friday, after days of deliberation about whether to eject the Serbian star from the country.
It is unclear whether Australia will move to deport Djokovic as the decision can still be challenged by his legal team.
“Today I exercised my power under section 133C(3) of the Migration Act to cancel the visa held by Mr Novak Djokovic on health and good order grounds, on the basis that it was in the public interest to do so,” the statement said.
“In making this decision, I carefully considered information provided to me by the Department of Home Affairs, the Australian Border Force and Mr Djokovic. The Morrison Government is firmly committed to protecting Australia’s borders, particularly in relation to the Covid-19 pandemic.”
Under current Australian laws, all international arrivals are required to be vaccinated against Covid-19 — which Djokovic is not — unless they have a medical exemption.
Djokovic said he was under the impression he could enter because two independent panels associated with Tennis Australia and the Victorian state government had granted him an exemption on the grounds that he had been infected with Covid-19 in December. The federal government argued that under its rules previous infection with Covid-19 is not a valid reason for an exemption.
Despite Monday’s ruling, the immigration minister retained ministerial power to personally intervene in the case and ultimately had the final say as to whether Djokovic would be allowed to stay, though his decision can be appealed.
In his ruling, the judge noted that if Djokovic had been deported, he would have been banned from Australia for three years. However this can be waived in special circumstances.
Australia’s Prime Minister Scott Morrison said the minister’s decision to cancel Djokovic’s visa protected “sacrifices” Australian had made throughout the pandemic.
In a statement, Morrison said the “pandemic has been incredibly difficult for every Australian but we have stuck together and saved lives and livelihoods.”
“Australians have made many sacrifices during this pandemic, and they rightly expect the result of those sacrifices to be protected,” he said. “This is what the minister is doing in taking this action today.”
How it came to this
Djokovic arrived in Melbourne on January 5 and promptly had his visa canceled for entering the country without a valid reason why he couldn’t be vaccinated against Covid-19.
He spent several nights in a detention hotel in Melbourne, which also houses dozens of refugees — some of whom have been held in immigration detention for more than eight years.
His lawyers challenged the decision and won the legal battle on Monday, but since then questions have emerged over Djokovic’s behavior after testing positive for Covid-19 on December 16.
He also apologized for apparently false information on his Australia visa declaration, specifically that he hadn’t traveled in the 14 days before his arrival in the country. Photos taken during that period appear to show him in both Spain and Serbia.
Djokovic said a member of his support staff submitted the information and the omission had been “human error.”
In the statement, Djokovic also admitted doing an interview and photo shoot with a French sports newspaper while Covid positive, which he conceded was an “error of judgment.”
On Friday, the state of Victoria — home to Melbourne where the Australian Open is being held — reported 34,836 cases, with a record 976 people hospitalized with Covid-19. This week the country surpassed one million cases over the entire pandemic.
Before the decision, Serbian President Aleksandar Vučić has said he was “proud” to help the tennis star during the visa dispute but acknowledged it was “necessary that people are vaccinated.”
He also appeared to indirectly address Djokovic’s admission that he did not immediately isolate after testing positive for Covid-19 in December.
“If you know you are infected, you shouldn’t be going out in public,” Vučić said in an interview with public broadcaster Radio Television of Serbia (RTS).
Meanwhile, Serbian Prime Minister Ana Brnabić told the BBC it would be “a clear breach of rules” if Djokovic was at a public event after knowing he had tested positive.
What could come next
Maria Jockel, legal principal of BDO Migration Services, said Djokovic’s lawyers will have 28 days to make representations to the minister, stating why he should reverse his decision.
During that time he could be sent back to immigration detention, most likely the Park Hotel in Melbourne, while his lawyers discuss their next move.
Despite his visa being canceled once again, experts say it is still possible Djokovic could be released on another visa to contest the Australian Open.
“If there’s a incredible outcry about having the world’s number one tennis players in detention whilst the Australian Open is on, maybe the government would relent and let him out on a bridging visa,” said Abul Rizvi, a former deputy secretary with the immigration department.
A bridging visa would allow him to work — or in his case his play — but the political repercussions of that decision are unclear as it would seem to contradict the message that Djokovic poses a health risk to the Australian people.
Victorian Premier Daniel Andrews said earlier Friday the issue had a simple solution: “Just get vaccinated.”
“That is the key … That’s what I say to every single Victorian. That’s what I’ve done. That’s what my kids have done,” he said, adding the Australian Open was bigger than one player and the issue far bigger than one person.
CNN Tennis Contributor Ben Rothenberg and CNN’s Hannah Ritchie, Angus Watson, Jessie Yeung and Ivana Kottasová contributed.