An Indonesian court began trial on Monday against five men on charges of negligence leading to the deaths of 135 people after police fired tear gas inside a football stadium, setting off a panicked run for the exits in which many were crushed.
The deadly crowd surge on October 1 in East Java’s Malang city was among the world’s worst sporting disasters. Police officers fired tear gas when fans flooded the pitch after Arema FC was defeated in a home match for the first time in 23 years by rival Persebaya Surabaya.
The match at Kanjuruhan stadium was attended only by Arema fans, as organizers had banned Persebaya supporters because of Indonesia’s history of violent football rivalries.
Police described the pitch invasion as a riot and said two officers were killed, but survivors accused them of overreacting. Videos showed officers using force, kicking and hitting fans with batons, and pushing spectators back into the stands.
At least 11 officers fired tear gas — eight canisters into the stands and three onto the pitch — to prevent more spectators from taking to the field after the game.
An investigation team set up by Indonesian President Joko Widodo in response to a national outcry over the deaths concluded that the tear gas was the main cause of the crowd surge. It said police on duty had no knowledge that the use of tear gas is prohibited at football stadiums and used it “indiscriminately” on the field, in the stands and outside the stadium, causing more than 42,000 spectators inside the 36,000-seat stadium to rush to the exits — several of which were locked.
It was among the deadliest football-related tragedies since a 1964 crush in Peru killed over 300 people.
Prosecutors charged five men — three police officials who allowed or ordered officers to use tear gas and the Arema FC Organizing Committee chair and security chief — with criminal negligence causing death and bodily harm, which carries a possible penalty of up to five years in jail if found guilty.
Authorities in Surabaya, the capital of East Java province, deployed 1,600 security forces on Monday, including police and soldiers, in and around the Surabaya District Court, and the trial is being held remotely for added security.
Arema fans, known widely as “Aremania”, are prohibited from coming to Surabaya during the trial to avoid possible clash with Persebaya fans.
National Police have removed the police chiefs of East Java province and Malang district and suspended nine other officers over violations of professional ethics since the tragedy.
The fact-finding team, which included government officials, football and security experts and activists, also concluded that the national football association known as PSSI had been negligent and ignored safety and security regulations. They urged its chair and executive committee to quit.